Death and state funeral of George H. W. Bush

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Death and state funeral of George H. W. Bush
George H. W. Bush's remains are escorted at on December 3, 2018
George H. W. Bush's remains lie in state in the United States Capitol rotunda
DateDecember 3–6, 2018 (state funeral)
December 1–30, 2018 (mourning period)
VenueStage I:
 • Ellington Field[1]
Stage II:
 • Joint Base Andrews
 • U.S. Capitol
 • Washington National Cathedral[1]
Stage III:
 • St. Martin's Episcopal Church
 • Union Pacific Railroad Westfield Auto Facility
 • Texas A&M University
 • George Bush Presidential Library and Museum[1]
LocationStage I: Houston, Texas[2]
Stage II:
 • Joint Base Andrews, Maryland
 • Washington, D.C.[3]
Stage III:
 • Houston, Texas
 • Spring, Texas
 • College Station, Texas[4]
TypeState funeral
ParticipantsJimmy Carter
Bill Clinton
George W. Bush
Barack Obama
Donald Trump
Sir John Major
Brian Mulroney
King Abdullah II of Jordan
Prince Charles
Lech Wałęsa
other foreign dignitaries
Members of the 115th United States Congress
Members-elect of the 116th United States Congress
Websitewww.jtf.usstatefuneral.mdw.army.mil

On November 30, 2018, George H. W. Bush, the 41st President of the United States, died at his home in Houston, Texas, seven months after the death of his wife of 73 years, Barbara Bush. Bush was the first former president to die since Gerald Ford in 2006; at the age of 94 years and 171 days, Bush was the longest-lived U.S. president in history. His death resulted in Jimmy Carter becoming the oldest living former President of the United States; Carter is also 94, having been born four months after Bush in 1924.

Shortly after news broke of Bush's death, President Donald Trump declared a National Day of Mourning and ordered all flags "throughout the United States and its Territories and possessions" lowered to half staff for 30 days after his death. The state funeral of George H. W. Bush was the official funerary rites conducted by the Government of the United States. They occurred over a period of three days from December 3–6, 2018.

Background and death[edit]

Former President George H. W. Bush had struggled with health issues for several years leading up to his death. In 2012, he was diagnosed with vascular parkinsonism, necessitating the use of a mobility scooter and limiting his speech.[5][6][7] He was hospitalized numerous times in serious condition, most notably missing the inauguration of Donald Trump due to being in the intensive care unit at Houston Methodist Hospital.[7][8]

Following the death of his wife Barbara in April 2018, Bush continued to deal with a variety of health issues. He was hospitalized a day after her funeral in critical condition with a blood infection, but he was eventually stabilized and released.[9] In May, a month before his 94th birthday, he was briefly admitted to a hospital in Maine due to low blood pressure. Released after about two weeks, he returned to Houston.[10]

In late November, Bush's health began to decline again. He received former President Barack Obama at his home for what was described as a "private visit" on November 27. By November 28, he had stopped eating and did not leave his bed, telling his medical staff he did not want to return to the hospital. James Baker, former Secretary of State and a longtime friend of Bush, reported that Bush's condition had improved by the morning of November 30, as he had began eating again and was able to sit up from his bed and converse with others. According to Baker, Bush's last meal consisted of three soft-boiled eggs, a cup of yogurt, and two fruit drinks.[7]

By night on November 30, his health again worsened. Irish tenor Ronan Tynan came and sang two songs for Bush, as his family and friends gathered at the household to say their goodbyes. Bush's last words were "I love you too", spoken to his son, former President George W. Bush, over a speaker phone.[11] Shortly after that conversation, at 10:10 p.m. Central Standard Time, Bush died at the age of 94, with Baker describing his death as "peaceful" and adding "If those things could be sweet, it was sweet".[7]

Within hours of his death, the former president's office issued a statement indicating that funeral arrangements would be announced "as soon as practical".[12] The exact cause of death was not immediately announced.[13]

I do further appoint December 5, 2018, as a National Day of Mourning throughout the United States. I call on the American people to assemble on that day in their respective places of worship, there to pay homage to the memory of President George H.W. Bush. I invite the people of the world who share our grief to join us in this solemn observance.

Donald J. Trump, Proclamation of the President of December 1, 2018

The presidential portrait of Bush at the National Portrait Gallery is pictured draped in black mourning crêpe on December 1, 2018. Three visitors are shown signing a book of condolence.
The United States flag is lowered to half mast aboard USS George H.W. Bush on December 1, 2018.
A gun salute is fired at Joint Base Myer–Henderson Hall on December 3, 2018. Memorial gun volleys were fired at 30 minute increments from sunrise to sunset at all U.S. military installations the Monday following Bush's death.
A VC-25 of the 89th Airlift Wing departs Ellington Field, Texas on December 3, 2018 carrying the remains of George H.W. Bush to Washington for the state funeral.
The casket carrying George H.W. Bush's remains arrives at Joint Base Andrews on December 3, 2018.
The color party, honorary pallbearers, and pallbearers with the casket carrying the remains of George H.W. Bush enter the United States Capitol on December 3, 2018.
Members of the public pay their respects Monday evening, December 3, 2018, at the casket of former President George H. W. Bush lying in state in the Rotunda of the U.S. Capitol.
President Donald Trump salutes the casket containing the remains of George H.W. Bush as First Lady Melania Trump looks on during the lying in state on December 3, 2018.
"Praise, My Soul, the King of Heaven" is performed during the memorial service at the National Cathedral on December 5, 2018.
President Trump and former presidents Obama, Clinton, and Carter along with their respective wives pictured during the memorial service at the National Cathedral on December 5, 2018.
The casket containing the remains of George H.W. Bush is removed from the National Cathedral following the memorial service on December 5, 2018.
Aircraft of Strike Fighter Wing Atlantic arrive for the flyover during internment of Bush's remains at the George Bush Library.
A moment of silence is observed at a Washington Redskins football game on December 9, 2018

Reactions[edit]

Domestic[edit]

At 12:49 a.m. Eastern Standard Time on December 1, President Donald Trump tweeted that he and Melania Trump's "hearts ache with his loss and we, with the entire American people, send our prayers to the entire Bush family".[14] Former President Barack Obama said in a statement that "George H. W. Bush's life is a testament to the notion that public service is a noble, joyous calling. And he did tremendous good along the journey."[15] Former President Bill Clinton sent a statement that "Hillary and I mourn the passing of President George H.W. Bush, and give thanks for his great long life of service, love, and friendship. I will be forever grateful for the friendship we formed. From the moment I met him as a young governor invited to his home in Kennebunkport, I was struck by the kindness he showed to Chelsea, by his innate genuine decency, and by his devotion to Barbara, his children, and their growing brood." Former President Jimmy Carter mourned his death on Saturday, saying his administration was "marked by grace, civility, and social conscience."[16] Former Vice President Dan Quayle said that "the world mourns the loss of a great American" and that he had often told his children to look to Bush as a role model.[17] Former Vice President Al Gore issued a statement calling Bush a "man of integrity".[17] Sylvester Turner, the mayor of Houston – where Bush resided at the time of his death – said that he joined "Houstonians in mourning the death of George Herbert Walker Bush and expressing heartfelt condolences to his children and the rest of the Bush family".[18]

International[edit]

  • Afghanistan: Chief executive Abdullah Abdullah said Bush had been a “great friend and supporter of Afghanistan.”[19]
  • Azerbaijan: President Ilham Aliyev visited the embassy of the United States of America to “offer condolences over the death of the 41st President of the United States, an outstanding statesman, George Herbert Walker Bush”. He also signed a book of condolences and described George Bush as a “prominent statesman”, and recalled his memories of the former US president.[20]
  • Barbados: Prime Minister Mia Mottley has issued a statement that “It is with a sense of regret that we in Barbados note the passing of the 41st president of the United States, the late George Herbert Walker Bush....The Government and people of Barbados extend deepest condolences to the people of the United States of America and to his family. May he rest in peace.”[21]
  • Belarus: President Alexander Lukashenko offered his condolences to Donald Trump, family and friends of George H. W. Bush and people of the United States of America.[22]
  • Brazil: President Michel Temer tweeted that "I received with regret the news of the death of former President George H. W. Bush, a respected leader in his country and in the world".[23] Eduardo Bolsonaro, son of Brazil's President-elect Jair Bolsonaro also offered his condolences as he was going to meet with Bush's son Jeb Bush.[24]
  • Canada: Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said "George H. W. Bush’s exemplary service and deep commitment to his country informed everything he accomplished over his decades in public life. Sophie and I offer our condolences to his family and the American people on his passing." Other politicians, such as Ontario Premier Doug Ford, former Prime Ministers Stephen Harper and Brian Mulroney, Opposition Leader Andrew Scheer, and Saskatchewan Premier Scott Moe offered condolences as well.[25]
  • Estonia: President Kersti Kaljulaid said "Long and fruitful lives are worth celebrating. My condolences to the family of George H. W. Bush". Other leaders, such as Prime Minister Jüri Ratas and Minister of Foreign Affairs Sven Mikser also sent condolences.[26]
  • Germany: Chancellor Angela Merkel said that "I mourn George Bush, the 41st president of the United States, as the chancellor of the German Federal Republic but also as a German who, without the results of his policies, would hardly be standing here." Merkel also said "And he’s the father, or one of the fathers, of the German unification, and we will never forget that."[27] Foreign Minister Heiko Maas also sent condolences.[28]
  • Holy See: Pope Francis sent his condolences to the Bush family and says he's praying it finds strength and peace as it prepares to bid farewell to former President George H.W. Bush. The Vatican secretary of state Cardinal Pietro Parolin sent a telegram said: "Commending President Bush's soul to the merciful love of Almighty God, His Holiness invokes upon all who mourn his passing the divine blessings of strength and peace."[29]
  • Indonesia: Foreign Minister Retno Marsudi tweeted "My prayers go out to the family and friends and may they be given strength and courage during this time of sorrow.”[30]
  • Ireland: President Michael D. Higgins has offered his condolences to the Bush family following the death of George H.W. Bush. Higgins said: “People in Ireland will have learned with sadness of the death of former President of the United States of America, George HW Bush.”[31]
  • Israel: Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said "On behalf of the people of Israel, I send heartfelt condolences to the Bush family and the American people on the passing of a great American patriot, President George H.W. Bush,"[32]
  • Japan: Prime Minister Shinzo Abe says he's "deeply saddened" by the news of George H.W. Bush's passing. He praised Bush in a statement Saturday for Bush's role in ending the Cold War with the Soviet Union and taking leadership in the Gulf War.[33]
  • Kuwait: Kuwait's ruling emir, Sheikh Sabah Al Ahmad Al Sabah, offered his condolences to Bush's son and to President Donald Trump. He noted Bush's efforts to "create a new international order based on justice and equality among nations." Sabah also said Bush never "forgot the Kuwaiti people and will remain in their memory".[34][33] On December 1 the Kuwait Towers displayed images of Bush in honor of his vital role in the Gulf War.[35]
  • New Zealand: Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern said Bush's "statesmanship played a key role in helping to end the Cold War, which bought democracy to millions of people in Europe and diminished the threat of nuclear war. George H.W. Bush was a strong supporter of the international rules-based system, the rule of law and democratic values."[33]
  • Nigeria: President Muhammadu Buhari believed that "the passing of George H.W. Bush is a loss to the entire world, not just America, especially the many people he inspired." Former President Olusegun Obasanjo said “President Bush’s death is a loss not only to his immediate family and to the United States of America but also to the entire world.”[36]
  • Oman: Sultan Qaboos bin Said has sent a cable of condolences to Donald Trump. He expressed his sincere condolences to the President, the family of the deceased, and the American people.[37]
  • Pakistan: Foreign Office spokesman Dr. Muhammad Faisal said in a Twitter that "Grieved at passing away of President H.W. Bush. Share pain of family and American people."[38]
  • Panama: Panama foreign ministry said a brief statement that "expresses its profound condolences to the Bush family, the government of the United States of America, as well as its people, on the passing of former President George H.W. Bush," It added the government "conveys its deepest condolences and shares its hope that the strength that characterizes the Bush family and the American people will make it possible to overcome this moment of pain."[39]
  • Philippines: Presidential spokesperson Salvador Panelo said in a statement that “The Palace is deeply saddened by the news of the passing of former President George Herbert Walker Bush of the United States of America. On behalf of the Filipino nation and people, we wish to convey our condolences and prayers to the family and friends of Mr. Bush, as well as to the government and the people of the United States of America.”[40][41]
  • Poland: President Andrzej Duda offered condolence that "Statesman, WW2 veteran, Cold War warrior and honorary citizen of my native Kraków, he was always a great friend of Poland and Poles."[42] Former President Lech Wałęsa also expressed tributes.[43]
  • Russia: President Vladimir Putin also expressed "deepest condolences", stating that "My fellow citizens and I will always cherish the memory of George Bush Sr."[44]
    • Soviet Union: Former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, meanwhile, expressed "deep condolences" to the Bush family over the death.[45]
  • Saudi Arabia: King Salman bin Abdulaziz and Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman also sent condolences.[46]
  • Singapore: President Halimah Yacob said Bush's "steadfast service to his country will continue to inspire generations to come". Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong wrote that "Bush will be remembered for his statesmanship in bringing about a peaceful end to the Cold War, and cementing America’s leadership in the world". Emeritus Senior Minister and former Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong describing Bush as "a man of incredible fortitude and immense conviction".[47]
  • Slovenia: President Borut Pahor expressed condolences in his name and in the name of the people of Slovenia and stated that "Bush was a great leader and extraordinary man who devoted his life to public service and will always be a role model for leaders to come." he also added that Bush "led the U.S. in the time of great changes that dramatically changed Europe. Europeans will never forget his devotion to freedom and democracy. It was during Bush's presidency that Slovenia gained its independence in 1991 and established diplomatic relations with the U.S. a year later." Minister of Foreign Affairs and former Prime Minister Miro Cerar expressed condolences to the Bush family.[48]
  • South Korea: President Moon Jae-in said President Bush “made noble endeavors to bring peace on the Korean Peninsula and strengthen the ROK-US alliance. President George H.W. Bush will be long remembered in the hearts of the Korean people.”[32]
  • Taiwan: President Tsai Ing-wen and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs extends condolences to the family of President Bush, a longtime friend of Taiwan, and expressed gratitude for Bush's support for Taiwan and said that what he did for Taiwanese people will be remembered forever.[49]
  • Tajikistan: President Emomali Rahmon sent a message of condolences to Donald Trump said “We are deeply saddened by the news of the passing of the former President of the United States of America, George Herbert Walker Bush.”[50]
  • Thailand: King Vajiralongkorn wrote that "In profound sadness, the people of Thailand and I join all our American friends in mourning the passing of former president George HW Bush, the 41st president of the United States, A much loved leader of his countrymen who devoted his life to public service, former president Bush was equally admired as a world statesman who helped shape and determine the course of peace, security..."[51]
  • Tibet: The 14th Dalai Lama offered condolences said: "He was in fact the first American President that I was privileged to meet. I recall being deeply touched by your father's concern for the Tibetan people and the situation in Tibet. It is truly admirable to have lived over 94 years. While nothing can replace the loss of a father, we can rejoice in the fact that his was a meaningful life, dedicated to public service. I commend your parents for encouraging their children, including you my dear friend, to devote yourselves to the service of others."[33]
  • United Kingdom: Queen Elizabeth II offered that "It was with sadness that I learned of the death of President George H.W. Bush last night. President Bush was a great friend and ally of the United Kingdom. He was also a patriot, serving his country with honour and distinction in Office and during the Second World War. Prince Philip and I remember our days in Texas in 1991 with great fondness. My thoughts and prayers are with President Bush's family and the American people." Prime Minister Theresa May and former Prime Ministers David Cameron, Tony Blair and John Major also sent condolences.[52]
  • Vietnam: Vietnamese Ambassador to the US Ha Kim Ngoc wrote that the Vietnamese Government and people are in grief over the passing of the 41st US President. He extended the Vietnamese Government and people's deepest condolence to the US Government and people, particularly to Bush's family. He also praised the former President's long-term strategic vision and strong leadership, which had helped to lay a firm foundation for the normalization of the two countries’ relations and later friendship and cooperation. Vietnamese people always remember Bush's visit to Vietnam in 1995 after the two countries established their diplomatic relations.[53]
  • European Union: EU Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker said in a statement "The world has lost a statesman and a leader who was an example to us all. I personally have lost a friend, I will never forget the role he played in making Europe a safer and more united place following the fall of the Berlin Wall and the Iron Curtain." He added: "President Bush's calmness, leadership and close personal relationships with Helmut Kohl and Mikhail Gorbachev were decisive in restoring peace and freedom back to so many people across our Continent. We Europeans will forever remember this." He also praised Bush for always serving his country "with honor, bravery and dignity" and said "I personally have lost a friend."[32]

Also expressing condolences were President of the United Arab Emirates Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Prime Minister of Iraqi Kurdistan Nechirvan Barzani,[54] Jordanian King Abdullah II,[55] Moroccan King Mohammed VI,[56] French President Emmanuel Macron, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison and former Prime Minister John Howard,[57] Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas, Maldives President Ibrahim Mohamed Solih, Hungarian President János Áder,[58] South African President Cyril Ramaphosa,[59] President of the People's Republic of China Xi Jinping[60] and others.[61][62][52][43][63]

Iranian state television described Bush as being "like other U.S. presidents who wished to see the collapse" of Iran.[64] British political journalist Mehdi Hasan criticized Bush in an interview with Amy Goodman, describing Bush as taking advantage of false news and his inaction on several social issues.[65]

Initial activities[edit]

Gun salutes and memorial musters[edit]

U.S. Army Regulation 600–25 provides that United States Army posts are to fire continuous artillery volleys at 30 minute intervals from sunrise to sunset the day after official notice is received of the death of a former president of the United States. As also provided for by regulation, the corps of cadets of the United States Military Academy are to be immediately assembled to be officially informed of the death by the superintendent.[66]

National mourning[edit]

At mid-morning on December 1, President Donald Trump proclaimed December 5 to be a National Day of Mourning.[67] The proclamation further decreed that American flags "on all public buildings and grounds, at all military posts and naval stations, and on all naval vessels of the Federal Government in the District of Columbia and throughout the United States and its Territories and possessions" be lowered to half staff until December 30, 2018.[67] In addition, all agencies of the United States Government throughout the United States were ordered closed on the National Day of Mourning and the Supreme Court of the United States announced it would postpone hearing oral arguments in Gamble v. United States which had been previously scheduled for that day.[68][69]

The United States Postal Service suspended regular mail deliveries, retail services and administrative office activity on December 5 as part of the national day of mourning although there was limited package delivery to avoid any setbacks for the Holiday season.[70] All of the United States' principal financial exchanges – including the New York Stock Exchange and NASDAQ – suspended trading for the duration of the Day of Mourning.[71]

Foreign observances[edit]

Her Majesty's Government issued instructions that all government offices in the United Kingdom were to lower the Union flag to half-mast on December 1, 2018.[72] In Canada, flags on all federal buildings were ordered flown at half-mast on the United States' National Day of Mourning, December 5.[73]

Informal observances[edit]

Two hours following the death of Bush, approximately 100 students at Texas A&M University gathered at the George Bush Presidential Library and proceeded to a nearby statue of Bush to pay respects.[74] Later that day, on an overlook near the Bush Compound in Maine, people spontaneously gathered to lay flowers, among them including former University of Massachusetts president Jack M. Wilson.[75] A makeshift memorial of flowers, flags, and cards was also created by members of the public outside the gates of Bush's Houston home.[76]

The Dole Institute of Politics at the University of Kansas announced on December 1 that it would immediately lay out a book of condolence for members of the public to sign.[77] Also on December 1, the city of Houston announced it would hold a memorial service in honor of Bush on the evening of December 3, 2018, at Hermann Square in front of the Houston City Hall with the Houston Symphony scheduled to provide music.[78]

Moments of silence were observed at sporting events in the weeks following George H.W. Bush's death, including prior to the December 3 NFL game between the Washington Redskins and Philadelphia Eagles at Lincoln Financial Field, and before the December 9 Army-Navy Game, among others.[79][80]

State funeral[edit]

Planning[edit]

Prior to his death, Bush filed a 211-page document with the Military District of Washington, which contains a request for an aerial flyover of fighter jets in missing man formation by the United States Air Force during his state funeral as well as final interment and burial to occur at the George Bush Presidential Library in College Station, Texas. Bush also indicated that he did not want the presidential fanfare, "Hail to the Chief", to be performed during final interment and burial. In addition, Bush made plans for a national funeral service to be held at Washington National Cathedral in Washington D.C.[81]

Ceremony[edit]

The state funeral, as announced, occurred in three stages.[82]

Air transport of Bush's remains occurred aboard a VC-25, tail number 29000, of the United States Air Force's 89th Airlift Wing operating under the call sign "Special Air Mission 41" (SAM41).[83]

Stage One (Houston, Texas)[edit]

On the morning of December 3, 2018, the casket carrying Bush's remains was moved from Geo. H. Lewis & Sons Funeral Home in Houston to a waiting hearse which then proceeded along a specially closed stretch of Interstate 610 to Ellington Field Joint Reserve Base.[84] The hearse was escorted by Houston Police Department motorcycle outriders and arrived on the runway by approximately 11:45 a.m. Central Standard Time.[84]

A brief ceremony was held on the apron for 100 invited guests, among them George P. Bush, prior to the casket's placement on the waiting "Special Air Mission 41" VC-25 which completed take off by 12:10 p.m.[85] Former president George W. Bush accompanied the casket aboard the aircraft, and was joined by the late president Bush's service dog Sully.[84]

Stage Two (Washington, D.C.)[edit]

At approximately 3:25 p.m. Eastern Standard Time on December 3, Special Air Mission 41 arrived at Joint Base Andrews.[85] The casket containing Bush's remains was removed from the aircraft as the United States Air Force Band performed "My Country, 'Tis of Thee" and a 21 gun salute was executed by the U.S. Army's Presidential Salute Battery.[85] The casket proceeded through a ramp guard composed of U.S. armed forces personnel into a waiting Cadillac XTS Echelon hearse for transfer to the United States Capitol.[85]

Bush lay in state in the United States Capitol rotunda from the evening of December 3 through the morning of December 5.

On December 5, at approximately 10:00am EST, the casket was transferred from the Capitol rotunda for funeral services at Washington National Cathedral. The officiating clergy included Michael Bruce Curry, Mariann Edgar Budde, Randolph Marshall Hollerith, and Dr. Russell Levenson, Jr. Rosemarie Logan Duncan was the master of ceremonies. Lauren Bush Lauren, Ashley Walker Bush, and Jenna Bush Hager were readers. Jan Naylor Cope provided the Intercession. Tributes were made by Jon Meacham, Brian Mulroney, Alan K. Simpson, and George W. Bush. Musical tributes were provided by United States Marine Orchestra, Armed Forces Chorus, United States Coast Guard Band, Michael W. Smith, and Ronan Tynan.[86]

The hearse carrying Bush arrived at Andrews AFB at approximately 2:01pm EST and at 2:09pm EST transferred aboard VC25A 29000 via scissor truck as Bush family boarded Special Mission 41 and took of after 2:26pm EST.

Stage Three (Houston, Texas; Spring, Texas; College Station, Texas)[edit]

Bush's remains arrived at Ellington Field at December 5, 4:30 p.m. Central Standard Time where they were greeted by a military escort and transported to St. Martin's Episcopal Church. The remains laid in repose at St. Martin's Episcopal Church until the following morning. A second funeral service for family and friends was held at 10:00 a.m. Central Standard Time on December 6. Eulogies were delivered by President Bush's friend James Baker and grandson George P. Bush. Clergy participating in the service included Russell Levenson, Jr. and C. Andrew Doyle.[87] During the service, The Oak Ridge Boys sang "Amazing Grace" and Reba McEntire sang "The Lord's Prayer."[88]

After the church service, the remains were driven by hearse to the Union Pacific Railroad Westfield Auto Facility. From there, they were transported by special railway funeral car to the George Bush Presidential Library for interment.[82] The funeral train was led by Union Pacific 4141, an EMD SD70ACe locomotive painted to honor Bush.[89] This was also the first time the remains of any US President had ever travelled on a funeral train since Dwight Eisenhower in 1969.[90] A guard of honor formed by the Ross Volunteers, the Governor of Texas' military escort, attended the removal of the casket from the funeral train.[91]

During interment, the United States Navy announced it would perform the largest funeral flyover in its history, with what the Navy described as an "unprecedented" 21 F/A-18 Hornets led by Captain Kevin McLaughlin, the commanding officer of Strike Fighter Wing Atlantic whose own aircraft was painted in a special memorial livery.[92] The flyover was known as the "missing man flyover," and featured 21 aircraft in a unique position.[93] This was done as an honor to Bush's Navy pilot service during World War II.[93] The interment ceremony was private; it was not filmed or broadcast on television at the advance request of the Bush family (the flyover, as well as the 21-gun salute and the performance of "Taps", that happened at the library grounds, was televised instead). Bush's remains were buried on the early morning of December 7 between the graves of his wife Barbara and his daughter Robin.

Throughout the day, all U.S. military posts equipped with artillery fired 21-gun salutes.[94] Meanwhile, the Salute to the Union – 50 successive rounds of artillery fire – was performed by batteries at Fort Sill, Oklahoma, Fort Stewart, Georgia, and Fort Drum, New York at 5:00 p.m., a custom traditionally marking the final interment of a former president.[94][95][96]

Dignitaries[edit]

President Donald Trump and First Lady Melania Trump, former presidents Jimmy Carter, Bill Clinton, George W. Bush, and Barack Obama, along with their respective wives, former first ladies Rosalynn Carter, Hillary Clinton, Laura Bush, and Michelle Obama, attended the funeral services. Also attending were Vice President Mike Pence and Second Lady Karen Pence, former vice presidents[97] Dan Quayle, Al Gore, Dick Cheney, and Joe Biden, along with former second ladies[98] Marilyn Quayle, Lynne Cheney, and Jill Biden.[99] Presidential children in attendance included Lynda Bird Johnson Robb with Chuck Robb, Luci Baines Johnson, Tricia Nixon Cox with Edward F. Cox, Susan Ford, Chelsea Clinton, and Ivanka Trump.

International leaders attending these services include: Britain's Prince Charles and former Prime Minister John Major and the latter's wife Norma Major, former Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney, Polish President Andrzej Duda and former President Lech Wałęsa, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, former Mexican President Carlos Salinas de Gortari,[100] King Abdullah II and Queen Rania of Jordan, Taiwanese President of the Legislative Yuan Su Jia-chyuan, Australian Governor-General Peter Cosgrove, former Japanese Prime Minister Yasuo Fukuda, former Qatari Emir Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, former Portuguese President Aníbal Cavaco Silva, former Estonian President Toomas Hendrik Ilves, former Kuwaiti Prime Minister Nasser Al-Sabah, former Bermudian Premier John Swan, and Prince Abdullah bin Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa of Bahrain.[101][102][103][104][105]

Pallbearers and honorary pallbearers[edit]

As customary, pallbearers during each movement of the casket containing Bush's remains were drawn from personnel of the United States Army, United States Navy, United States Air Force, United States Marine Corps, and United States Coast Guard.[84] In addition, honorary pallbearers were selected for most movements of the casket.

Stage 1 honorary pallbearers[edit]

Special agents of Bush's former United States Secret Service protective detail served as honorary pallbearers during the movement of the casket from the funeral home in Houston to the hearse that would transport it to Ellington Field.[85]

Stage 2 honorary pallbearers[edit]

Sailors drawn from the crew of the United States aircraft carrier USS George H.W. Bush served as honorary pallbearers for the removal of the casket from Special Air Mission 41 at Joint Base Andrews.[85] A further thirteen honorary pallbearers were selected for the transport of the casket from the hearse to the rotunda of the U.S. Capitol, all of whom were former ship or strike group commanders of USS George H.W. Bush, including: Admiral John Aquilino, Vice Admiral DeWolfe Miller, Vice Admiral Frank Pandolfe, Vice Admiral Nora Tyson, Rear Admiral Kenneth Whitesell, Rear Admiral David Thomas Jr., Rear Admiral Andrew Loiselle, Rear Admiral Stephen Evans, Rear Admiral William Pennington, Rear Admiral Brian Luther, Rear Admiral Gregory Nosal, Captain Sean Bailey, and Captain Kevin O’Flaherty.[106][92][107] Captain Sean R. Bailey, the ship's commanding officer at the time of Bush's death, was unable to serve as an honorary pallbearer as the vessel was making final preparations for deployment.[92]

Stage 3 honorary pallbearers[edit]

Honorary pallbearers serving during the movement of the casket at points during Stage 3 included Charles F. Hermann (Scowcroft Chair in International Policy Studies at the Bush School of Government and Public Service), Amy Sharp (president of the Texas A&M University Student Government Association), and former Texas A&M football coach R.C. Slocum.[91][108][109]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "News Release – 41W – NR02" (PDF). Joint Task Force – National Capital Region Media Operations Center. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 2, 2018. Retrieved December 2, 2018.
  2. ^ "Stage I". Official U.S. State Funeral. The U.S. Army Military District of Washington. Archived from the original on December 2, 2018. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  3. ^ "Stage II". Official U.S. State Funeral. The U.S. Army Military District of Washington. Archived from the original on December 2, 2018. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  4. ^ "Stage III". Official U.S. State Funeral. The U.S. Army Military District of Washington. Archived from the original on December 2, 2018. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  5. ^ "Photo P012712PS-0676". The Whitehouse. January 27, 2012. Archived from the original on March 27, 2014. Retrieved April 24, 2013.
  6. ^ Updegrove, Mark K. (July 15, 2012). "An Exclusive Conversation with President and Mrs. Bush". Parade. Archived from the original on February 16, 2017. Retrieved February 15, 2017.
  7. ^ a b c d Baker, Peter. "'I Love You, Too': George Bush's Final Days". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 1, 2018. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  8. ^ Staff. "George H.W. Bush off ventilator, watched inauguration". USA Today. Archived from the original on December 2, 2018. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  9. ^ Eltagouri, Marwa. "George H.W. Bush hospitalized one day after the funeral for his wife, Barbara". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on December 2, 2018. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  10. ^ Samuels, Brett (November 27, 2018). "Obama meets George H.W. Bush during visit to Houston". The Hill. Archived from the original on December 1, 2018. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  11. ^ Gangel, Jamie; Stracqualursi, Veronica (December 2, 2018). "Former President George H.W. Bush's last words, as spoken to his son, George W. Bush". CNN. Archived from the original on December 2, 2018. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  12. ^ "Former President George H.W. Bush dies". WLEX-TV. December 1, 2018. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  13. ^ Steinberg, Marty (December 1, 2018). "Former President George HW Bush dead at age 94". CNBC. Archived from the original on December 1, 2018. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  14. ^ @realDonaldTrump (November 30, 2018). "Statement from President Donald J. Trump and First Lady Melania Trump on the Passing of Former President George H.W. Bush" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  15. ^ Fortin, Jacey (December 1, 2018). "Politicians and Family React to George Bush's Death". New York Times. Archived from the original on December 1, 2018. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  16. ^ "Jimmy Carter: George H.W. Bush's administration was marked by 'grace, civility, and social conscience'". December 2018. Archived from the original on December 2, 2018. Retrieved December 2, 2018.
  17. ^ a b "Obama, Trump, celebrities react to George H.W. Bush's passing". WTVH-TV. December 1, 2018. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  18. ^ "Statement by Mayor Sylvester Turner on the death of President George H.W. Bush". Office of the Mayor. City of Houston. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  19. ^ "What leaders are saying about the death of former president George H.W. Bush".
  20. ^ "Ilham Aliyev visits US embassy to offer condolences over death of 41st US President George Bush [PHOTO]". AzerNews.az. December 5, 2018. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  21. ^ "PM Mottley extend condolences to the US on the passing of 41st president – Barbados Today". December 3, 2018. Archived from the original on December 4, 2018. Retrieved December 4, 2018.
  22. ^ "Condolences over passing of 41st U.S. President George H. W. Bush". President of the Republic of Belarus. 2018-12-01. Retrieved 2018-12-04.
  23. ^ "Temer destaca que Bush fue un". December 2018.
  24. ^ "twitter.com". December 2018.
  25. ^ "Trudeau and other Canadians offer condolences to family of George H.W. Bush". CTV News. The Canadian Press. December 1, 2018. Archived from the original on December 1, 2018. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  26. ^ ERR, ERR News (December 1, 2018). "Estonia offers condolences to US on death of President George H.W. Bush". Archived from the original on December 2, 2018. Retrieved December 3, 2018.
  27. ^ "Remarks by President Trump and Chancellor Merkel of Germany Before Bilateral Meeting". The White House. Retrieved December 5, 2018.
  28. ^ "Angela Merkel: Without George H. W. Bush, I wouldn't be here". POLITICO. December 1, 2018. Archived from the original on December 2, 2018. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  29. ^ "Pope Francis sends condolences to Bush's family". WKRG. December 5, 2018. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  30. ^ Post, The Jakarta. "Indonesia's foreign minister offers condolences following Bush senior's death". Retrieved December 3, 2018.
  31. ^ Donaghy, Gerard. "Irish President Michael D Higgins offers condolences following death of George Bush – The Irish Post". Archived from the original on December 2, 2018. Retrieved December 3, 2018.
  32. ^ a b c "Former US presidents, Queen Elizabeth, the Dalai Lama, and more react to the death of former president George H.W. Bush".
  33. ^ a b c d "The Latest: Iran notes death of President George H.W. Bush". Charlotte Observer. Associated Press. December 1, 2018. Archived from the original on December 1, 2018. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  34. ^ Day, Brian (December 1, 2018). "Kuwait Sends Respects to George H.W. Bush". KTLA. Archived from the original on December 1, 2018. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  35. ^ https://www.albawaba.com/loop/kuwait-tower-beams-images-george-bush-snr-1220544
  36. ^ "George Bush: Buhari, Obasanjo, Send Condolences To United States – THEWILL". thewillnigeria.com. Archived from the original on December 4, 2018. Retrieved December 4, 2018.
  37. ^ "His Majesty sends condolences on death of former U.S. President Bush". December 2018. Retrieved December 3, 2018.
  38. ^ "Pakistan offers condolence over death of ex-US president H.W Bush". Archived from the original on December 3, 2018. Retrieved December 4, 2018.
  39. ^ December 2018, Published 4 days ago on 03. "Panama mourns passing of Bush, who ordered country's invasion in 1989 - Malay Mail". www.malaymail.com. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  40. ^ Orellana, Faye. "Malacañang extends condolences to US, Bush family". Archived from the original on December 2, 2018. Retrieved December 3, 2018.
  41. ^ "PH condoles with US on passing of ex-President George H.W. Bush". Archived from the original on December 3, 2018. Retrieved December 4, 2018.
  42. ^ "Polish President sends condolences after death of George H.W.Bush". Archived from the original on December 3, 2018. Retrieved December 3, 2018.
  43. ^ a b Moran, Lee (December 1, 2018). "'Generous American Patriot': World Leaders Pay Tribute To George H.W. Bush". Huffington Post. Retrieved December 2, 2018.
  44. ^ "World leaders remember George H.W. Bush". ABC News. December 1, 2018. Archived from the original on December 2, 2018. Retrieved December 2, 2018.
  45. ^ "Gorbachev Offers "Deep Condolences"". KSL-TV. Associated Press. December 1, 2018. Archived from the original on December 1, 2018. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  46. ^ "Saudi King, Crown Prince offer condolences to US president". Al Arabiya English. December 3, 2018. Archived from the original on December 4, 2018. Retrieved December 4, 2018.
  47. ^ "Singapore leaders send condolences over death of former US president George HW Bush". Retrieved December 3, 2018.
  48. ^ "Predsednik Republike Slovenije | Predsednik Pahor izrazil sožalje ob smrti nekdanjega ameriškega predsednika Georgea H. W. Busha". www.up-rs.si. Retrieved 2018-12-05.
  49. ^ "President Tsai extends condolences over former U.S. president's death". Focus Taiwan. December 1, 2018. Archived from the original on December 3, 2018. Retrieved December 3, 2018.
  50. ^ "Rahmon extends condolences to the American people over death of ex-US President H.W. Bush – Tajikistan News ASIA-Plus". Retrieved December 3, 2018.
  51. ^ "His Majesty pays tribute to Bush Senior". Bangkok Post Public Company Limited. December 6, 2018. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  52. ^ a b Ford, Kaelyn (December 1, 2018). "World leaders remember George H.W. Bush". ABC News. Archived from the original on December 2, 2018. Retrieved December 2, 2018.
  53. ^ "Vietnamese Ambassador pays respects to former US President George H.W.Bush". vietnamplus.vn. December 5, 2018. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  54. ^ "Kurdistan Region PM Barzani extends condolences to Bush family".
  55. ^ "King sends condolences over passing of former U.S. President George H. W. Bush | Jordan News | Ammon News".
  56. ^ "King Mohammed VI Offers Condolences on Death of George HW Bush". December 2, 2018. Archived from the original on December 3, 2018. Retrieved December 3, 2018.
  57. ^ "Leaders from around the world react to George H.W. Bush's death". December 1, 2018. Archived from the original on December 3, 2018. Retrieved December 3, 2018.
  58. ^ "Áder Sends Condolences over Bush's Death". December 2018. Archived from the original on December 3, 2018. Retrieved December 3, 2018.
  59. ^ "Ramaphosa sends condolences to USA on passing of former president Bush". December 2018.
  60. ^ "Xi sends condolence message to Trump on death of Bush". Retrieved December 3, 2018.
  61. ^ "UAE leaders offer condolences on death of George H. W. Bush". Khaleej Times. December 1, 2018. Archived from the original on December 1, 2018. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  62. ^ "The Latest: New Zealand Prime Minister offers condolences". Associated Press. December 1, 2018. Archived from the original on December 1, 2018. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  63. ^ "Bush: A friend to Bermuda | the Royal Gazette:Bermuda News – Mobile".
  64. ^ "George H W Bush, former US president, dies aged 94 – latest news and world reaction". The Daily Telegraph. December 1, 2018. Archived from the original on December 2, 2018. Retrieved December 2, 2018.
  65. ^ "Mehdi Hasan on George H.W. Bush's Ignored Legacy: War Crimes, Racism and Obstruction of Justice". Amy Goodman. Democracy Now. December 3, 2018. Retrieved December 5, 2018.
  66. ^ Army Regulation 600–25 Salutes, Honors, and Visits of Courtesy (PDF). Washington, D.C.: U.S. Army. 2004. Archived (PDF) from the original on June 7, 2016. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  67. ^ a b "Presidential Proclamation Announcing the Death of George H.W. Bush". whitehouse.gov. White House. Archived from the original on December 1, 2018. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  68. ^ Rapaport, Wes (December 3, 2018). "Federal buildings to close Wednesday to honor George H.W. Bush". WPRI. Archived from the original on December 3, 2018. Retrieved December 3, 2018.
  69. ^ Birnbaum, Emily (December 2, 2018). "Supreme Court delays arguments for Bush national day of mourning". The Hill. Archived from the original on December 3, 2018. Retrieved December 3, 2018.
  70. ^ Postal Service to suspend most deliveries, close offices to honor George H.W. Bush on Wednesday Archived December 4, 2018, at the Wayback Machine. CNN, December 3, 2018
  71. ^ McCormick, Emily (December 5, 2018). "Stock futures recover, markets close Wednesday". Yahoo. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  72. ^ "George H. W. Bush: flag instructions". college-of-arms.gov.uk. College of Arms. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  73. ^ "Canada to fly flags at half-mast in honour of George H.W. Bush". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Canadian Press. December 4, 2018. Retrieved December 5, 2018.
  74. ^ Wiley, Kenney (December 1, 2018). "Midnight gathering at Bush Library pays tribute to former president". The Eagle. Archived from the original on December 3, 2018. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  75. ^ "People pay respects for George H.W. Bush in Maine". Belleville News Democrat. Associated Press. December 1, 2018. Archived from the original on December 2, 2018. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  76. ^ "Makeshift memorial formed outside George H.W. Bush's Houston home". KHOU-TV. December 1, 2018. Archived from the original on December 2, 2018. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  77. ^ "Dole Institute to have memorial display, book for Bush". Salina Post. December 1, 2018. Archived from the original on December 2, 2018. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  78. ^ "City of Houston to hold public memorial for President George H.W. Bush". KHOU-TV. December 2, 2018. Archived from the original on December 3, 2018. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  79. ^ "Monday Night Football: Redskins vs. Eagles". Newsday. December 3, 2018. Retrieved December 11, 2018.
  80. ^ "Army beats Navy for third straight season to improve to 10-2". ESPN. Associated Press. December 8, 2018. Retrieved December 11, 2018.
  81. ^ Orin, Deborah (July 18, 2005). "Bill bury quiet". New York Post. Archived from the original on December 1, 2018. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  82. ^ a b "State Funeral for George H.W. Bush, the 41st President of the United States Official Schedule" (PDF). Military District of Washington. U.S. Army. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 3, 2018. Retrieved December 2, 2018.
  83. ^ "Air Force One arrives in Houston to transport former President George H.W. Bush's casket to D.C." KPRC-TV. December 2, 2018. Retrieved December 2, 2018.
  84. ^ a b c d Ketterer, Samantha (December 3, 2018). "George H.W. Bush's remains arrive in Maryland on "Special Mission 41"". Houston Chronicle. Archived from the original on December 3, 2018. Retrieved December 3, 2018.
  85. ^ a b c d e f "VP Mike Pence offers nation's condolences to family of President George HW Bush". KGO-TV. Associated Press. December 3, 2018. Retrieved December 3, 2018.
  86. ^ "Funeral Service Program". Washington National Cathedral. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 6, 2018. Retrieved December 5, 2018.
  87. ^ "President George HW Bush honored in private Houston funeral service". ABC 13 Eyewitness News. December 6, 2018. Retrieved December 10, 2018.
  88. ^ "George Herbert Walker Bush" (PDF). St. Martin's Episcopal Church. December 6, 2018. Retrieved December 10, 2018.
  89. ^ Willingham, AJ (December 3, 2018). "George H.W. Bush will journey to his final resting place on a train whose engine is named for him". CNN. Retrieved December 3, 2018.
  90. ^ "Bushes depart on first presidential funeral train since 1969". star-telegram. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  91. ^ a b "President Bush arrives in College Station for burial". Austin American Statesman. December 7, 2018. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  92. ^ a b c Eckstein, Megan. "Navy Will Perform Unprecedented 21-Fighter Flyover for Bush Funeral". usni.org. United States Naval Institute. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  93. ^ a b "Navy performs 21-aircraft missing man flyover to honor President Bush". WTLV. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  94. ^ a b Wilson, Haley (December 6, 2018). "Fort Sill honors late President George H.W. Bush with 21-gun salute". KSWO-TV. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  95. ^ "Fort Stewart honors late President Bush with gun salutes". WSAV-TV. December 6, 2018. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  96. ^ "Fort Drum Salutes President George H.W. Bush". WWNY-TV. December 6, 2018. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  97. ^ Former vice president, Walter Mondale did not attend.
  98. ^ Former second lady, Tipper Gore did not attend
  99. ^ Grubb, Shaffer (December 5, 2018). "Five decades of presidents honor Bush". latimes.com. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  100. ^ "Carlos Salinas de Gortari honra a Bush padre en Washington". Excélsior. December 5, 2018. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  101. ^ Calvin Woodward, Laurie Kellman and Ashraf Khalil (December 5, 2018). "Bush celebrated with praise, humour at D.C. farewell". The Associated Press. Retrieved December 5, 2018.
  102. ^ "Americans from all walks of life come to Capitol to honor President George H.W. Bush". ABC News. 2018-12-04.
  103. ^ "Lech Wałęsa to fly with Polish president for Bush's funeral". Radio Poland. 2018-12-04.
  104. ^ "Taiwan's Legislative Speaker to attend George HW Bush memorial". Taiwan News. 2018-12-04.
  105. ^ Gangel, Jamie; Watkins, Eli (December 4, 2018). "George H.W. Bush funeral: Former presidents, world leaders to attend". Cable News Network. Retrieved December 8, 2018.
  106. ^ "Assumption College graduate among honorary pallbearers at services for President Bush". Worcester Telegram. December 5, 2018. Retrieved December 5, 2018.
  107. ^ "In Celebration of and Thanksgiving for the Life of George Herbert Walker Bush" (PDF). cathedral.org. Washington National Cathedral. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  108. ^ Fennell, Taylor (December 3, 2018). "Sharp to serve as pallbearer". The Battalion. Retrieved December 3, 2018.
  109. ^ Collins, Larry (December 5, 2018). "Texas A&M Remembers George H.W. Bush Before Burial in College Station". WDFW-TV. Retrieved December 5, 2018.

External links[edit]